John Coltrane Quartet – Impressions (video)
|Birth name||John William Coltrane|
|Also known as||“Trane”|
|Born||September 23, 1926
Hamlet, North Carolina, United States
|Died||July 17, 1967 (aged 40)
Huntington, New York, United States
|Genres||Avant-garde jazz, hard bop, post-bop, modal jazz, free jazz|
|Occupations||Saxophonist, composer, bandleader|
|Instruments||Tenor, soprano, and altosaxophone|
|Labels||Prestige, Blue Note, Atlantic, Impulse!, Pablo|
|Associated acts||Alice Coltrane, Miles Davis Quintet, Thelonious Monk, Pharoah Sanders, Eric Dolphy|
John William Coltrane (also known as “Trane“; September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967) was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Working in the bebop and hard bop idioms early in his career, Coltrane helped pioneer the use of modes in jazz and later was at the forefront of free jazz. He organized at least fifty recording sessions as a leader during his recording career, and appeared as a sideman on many other albums, notably with trumpeter Miles Davis and pianist Thelonious Monk.
As his career progressed, Coltrane and his music took on an increasingly spiritual dimension. His second wife was pianist Alice Coltrane and their son Ravi Coltrane is also a saxophonist. Coltrane influenced innumerable musicians, and remains one of the most significant saxophonists in jazz history. He received many posthumous awards and recognitions, including canonization by the African Orthodox Church as Saint John William Coltrane. In 2007, Coltrane was awarded the Pulitzer Prize Special Citation for his “masterful improvisation, supreme musicianship and iconic centrality to the history of jazz.”
Blue Train (album version)
– John Coltrane – tenor saxophone
– Lee Morgan – trumpet
– Curtis Fuller – trombone
– Kenny Drew – piano
– Paul Chambers – bass
– Philly Joe Jones – drums
The influence Coltrane has had on music spans many different genres and musicians. Coltrane’s massive influence on jazz, both mainstream and avant-garde, began during his lifetime and continued to grow after his death. He is one of the most dominant influences on post-1960 jazz saxophonists and has inspired an entire generation of jazz musicians.
- In 1965, he was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame.
- In 1982 Coltrane was awarded a posthumous Grammy for “Best Jazz Solo Performance” on the album Bye Bye Blackbird
- in 1997, was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
- His revolutionary use of multi-tonic systems in jazz has become a widespread composition and reharmonization technique known as “Coltrane changes”
- In 2002, scholar Molefi Kete Asante listed John Coltrane on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans.
- A former home, the John Coltrane House in Philadelphia, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1999. His last home, the John Coltrane Home in the Dix Hills district of Huntington, New York, where he resided from 1964 until his death, was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 29, 2007.
- Coltrane was awarded a special Pulitzer Prize in 2007 citing his “masterful improvisation, supreme musicianship and iconic centrality to the history of jazz.”
- He was inducted into the North Carolina Music Hall of Fame in 2009.
- Chasing Trane: The John Coltrane Documentary, is a 2016 American film directed by John Scheinfeld. Narrated by Denzel Washington, the film chronicles the life of Coltrane in his own words, and includes interviews with such admirers as Wynton Marsalis, Sonny Rollins, and Cornel West.
CHASING TRANE: THE JOHN COLTRANE DOCUMENTARY | Trailer
Albums @ youtube:
Giant Steps (1960)
My Favorite Things (1961)
2 thoughts on “September 23: Jazz Legend John Coltrane Birthday”
With Bob Dylan and Miles Davis, though partly strange this list may sound, he stands central in the development of modern music for me, and also as artists they are towering persons, their way of being inspiring in itself.
Out of the 20th century when mankind developed the technological ability to annihilate itself, Coltrane still points the way to the unification of humanity around its common desire for peace, harmony and justice.
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